2018-10-19 11:41:01 来源:参考消息网 责任编辑:陈雪莲
标签:刺针 21点玩法游戏


The internet is habitually invoked as the prime driver of today's political polarisation: the hermetic echo chambers of Twitter, Facebook and YouTube are increasing division and entrenchment of the sort seen in the Brexit and Trump campaigns.

Users subscribe to feeds, channels and pages offering news that most closely represents their worldview, the story goes, along with misinformation about those who disagree with them, sealing themselves off from an alternative discourse.

Even Barack Obama backed the theory. “The capacity to disseminate misinformation…to paint the opposition in a wildly negative light,” he stated ahead of last year's election, “has accelerated in ways that much more sharply polarise the electorate.”

But there's a problem with this idea. A working paper just published by the US National Bureau of Economic Research has thrown a spanner in the works. It found polarisation had increased most in the over-75s, those least likely to use the internet. So much for the reductive, knee-jerk hypothesis that life online is the key to rising partisanship.

The paper doesn't totally dismiss internet-related effects. It speculates that divisions fuelled online may radiate out to older people who don't use social media, or indirectly cause polarisation offline, through the selection of political candidates for example or by disrupting traditional media.

There are, of course, other possible explanations. Chief among them is that the politics of nostalgia are increasingly on the march. The Trump campaign was predicated on a rose-tinted view of the past. Now in office, his administration assuages the anxieties of those most wary of progress: the old.

In the UK, where a surprise June general election was announced two days ago, we saw the Brexit campaign capitalise on the same dangerous reverence for how things used to be. A breakdown of the polls confirmed support for Brexit among the over-65s was 60 per cent – the highest of any demographic group. Likewise for Trump: a majority of voters aged 65 and over backed him.

If progress feels alienating and hostile, the fetishised past becomes a cosy place to reside. Its familiarity can be potent. The familiarity principle denotes a psychological and evolutionary phenomenon in which people prefer things they know well. If this manifests in media consumption and voting choice, the digging in of heels becomes more pronounced and the bubble remains sealed,no Facebook required.





  1. 1外媒称伊万卡亲近中国赢好感:一些网友称为“
  2. 2澳媒:越南渔船悄然现身黄岩岛 试探中国反应
  3. 3俄拟建全球最大航母抗衡美国:T-50将上舰(图)
  4. 4韩媒:韩国济州岛迎“五一”假期 中国游客降
  5. 5"老外"盛赞中国高铁:比日本新干线舒服 甩美国
  6. 6数小时之内夷平首尔?法媒揭秘朝鲜真实战力
  7. 7日媒称特朗普暗示对朝动武刺激安倍神经:担忧
  8. 8外媒关注中国护卫舰下饺子:3天内2艘下水1艘
  9. 9中国航母在世界处于什么位置?美媒对比四国航
  10. 10境外媒体评中国首艘国产航母下水:比美不足,
光彩路第一社区 苇子沟 南留路 鼓楼 新华东社区 勐董镇 仓头乡 通淮关岳庙 九曲街道 宝积路街道 沙里沟 汉王乡
云路镇 前光甫 大发瑶族乡 四川北路天潼路 观音桥街道 西南街道 老范寨乡 百丈井东路 青木镇 福克兰群岛马尔维纳斯 雅安地区 路边井
大敖镇 瓦拉干镇 江苏北塘区山北镇 太原 泮塘总站 东沙屯西站 西智村 老北门 浙江余杭区余杭镇 前沿社区 峰高 西营 镜铁山矿区街道